What is Scoliosis?
Scoliosis [skoh-lee-oh-sis] is an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine that deviates from an ideal gravitational line, in relation to the skull and pelvis. Scoliosis may occur in the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine. Multiple curvatures may be present. Several types of scoliosis exist, which are further subdivided:
- Idiopathic scoliosis (most common)
- Neuromuscular scoliosis
- Degenerative scoliosis
- Congenital scoliosis
Idiopathic scoliosis is the most prevalent type of scoliosis. Idiopathic simply means that it occurs spontaneously. Chiropractic care benefits scoliosis by restoring and maintaining proper alignment of the vertebrae through gentle spinal adjustments to reduce nerve irritation; in conjunction with neuromuscular reeducation, muscle and ligament balancing techniques, and specific exercises.
Signs & Symptoms
Usually more than one exist:
- Head (skull) tilt, rotation, translation
- Pain (neck, back, hip, leg, knee, foot) and stiffness
- Progressive breathing difficulties in combination of other signs & symptoms
- Abnormal gait (walk)
- Abnormal posture
- Leg length inequality
- Uneven muscle spasms or muscle tone
- Rib cage rotation, translation, elevation, or hump
- Uneven shoulders or shoulder blades
- Uneven waist or hips
- Body tilts to one side
It is extremely important for a Doctor of Chiropractic to do a thorough spinal evaluation to find the underlying dysfunction and determine the appropriate treatment for you.
Scoliosis is most often diagnosed in childhood, likely due to rapid skeletal growth and higher frequency of healthcare exposure and screenings. It is important to understand that scoliosis is not only limited to kids, but can progress into adulthood.
As a result, it is vastly important to use Chiropractic care and proper spinal hygiene by a licensed Doctor of Chiropractic.
At a LeGault Chiropractic, Dr. LeGault will perform a thorough client history and examination to customize treatment and care to the person and decide if further diagnostic imaging is necessary, Once the history and examination are complete, necessary recommendations for diagnostic imaging occur. Radiographic images (x-rays) are usually necessary to watch the scoliosis, find the origination, and to measure change/progress.
Depending on the severity (degree of curvature, functional deficit, and somatovisceral interference) and skeletal maturity, LeGault Chiropractic in Pittsburgh provides a multifaceted approach towards restoring and maintaining spine. In order for more dramatic results, the client / patient must be pro-active outside of the office and carry out the necessary recommendations.
Treatment may include the following:
- Gentle and specific Chiropractic adjustments
- Ligamentous and myofascial release techniques
- Neuromuscular reeducation
- Postural training
- Kinesiology taping (functional postural taping)
- Specific exercise & rehabilitation techniques
- Electrical muscle stimulation
- Custom orthotics (shoe inserts – arch supports)